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  5. The choice of a rational option for conducting aerial reconnaissance by droness

The choice of a rational option for conducting aerial reconnaissance by droness

Zviglyanich, M. Iziumskyi, S. Orlov
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Description: The article considers the approach of assessing the actions of reconnaissance unmanned aerial vehicles. The subject of the study is the process of organizing air reconnaissance using unmanned aerial vehicles. The purpose of the article is to substanti-ate the method for assessing the actions of unmanned aerial vehicles during air reconnaissance, the essence of which is the quan-titative justification of a rational variant of air reconnaissance taking into account the capabilities of antiaircraft missile systems of the enemy air defense system. Analytic dependencies that reflect the main characteristics of reconnaissance unmanned aerial vehicles are considered. The cost of information retrieval from a unit of the earth's surface area, which depends on the cost of the device itself, its technical state, payload characteristics, mobility of the reconnaissance objects and on the capabilities of the enemy's air defense system, is considered as the main indicator of the effectiveness of the reconnaissance apparatus operation. Together with the proposed simulation model for overcoming unmanned aerial vehicles by enemy air defense systems, they make it possible to assess the effectiveness of the selected air reconnaissance option in terms of the cost of information retrieval from a unit of the earth's surface area. The simulation model takes into account the main characteristics of anti-aircraft missile systems and radar stations. Indicating the coordinates of their location, the structure of the enemy's air defense system is set, which sub-stantially increases the validity of the results obtained. Description of the trajectories of reconnaissance unmanned vehicles pro-vides by simulating the process of overcoming the enemy's air defense system to justify a rational method of conducting aerial reconnaissance. The choice of a rational variant of conducting aerial reconnaissance is based on a quantitative evaluation of the chosen variant by determining the probability of accomplishing a combat mission by each unmanned vehicle. The above calcula-tions are based on methods of investigating operations. The proposed approach makes it possible to sufficiently take into account the capabilities of the enemy's air defense system, the behavior of enemy reconnaissance assets, the technical characteristics of the unmanned vehicle itself, its payload, thereby ensuring the selection of a rational variant for carrying out aerial reconnais-sance of a given area of enemy forces deployment.


Keywords: air defense system, anti-aircraft guided missiles, anti-aircraft missile systems, unmanned aerial vehicles, aerial reconnaissance

Reference:
Zvyhlianych, S.M., Iziumskyi, M.P. and Orlov, S.V. (2018), “Vybir ratsionalnoho variantu provedennia povitrianoi rozvidky bezpilotnymy litalnymy aparatamy” [The choice of a rational option for conducting aerial reconnaissance by drones], Science and Technology of the Air Force of Ukraine, No. 4(33), pp. 21-27. https://doi.org/10.30748/nitps.2018.33.03.