Description: The article presents the results of the analysis of the governing and doctrinal documents of the armed forces of the leading countries of the world. It is determined that the typical model of the decision-making cycle in management systems is the John Boyd cycle or the OODA loop (Observation, Orientation, Decision, Action) that satisfies the requirements of optimality and validity. It is noted that the content of the J. Boyd's cycle of information confrontation can be defined as a set of procedures for planning and managing information and psychological operations from the moment the information about the object of influence appeared before its exclusion from the list of purposes. In this case, the planning procedures and management procedures are shared. Each of the stages of the decision-making cycle contains a set of measures that implement a systematic approach to the task of information confrontation. The article proposes a methodological approach to the planning and management of information and psychological operations (informational and psychological influences) on the basis of the implementation of OODA cycles. Thus, at the Observation stage, the primary information on information and psychological impact is collected and systematized. The Orientation phase consists in identifying the connectivity of the structures, analyzing the network, identifying the centers of connectivity of the structures, analyzing the transmission of information by the network and analyzing the distribution of the time spent on messages in the network; analysis of network resilience; formation of reports; the formation of a list of goals, objects (target groups) for which a solution is necessary. At the Decision stage it is envisaged: the formation of the basis of scenarios of influence on the enemy; simulation modeling; selection of an optimal scenario taking into account the situation and existing restrictions. Action phase contains: concentration of resources necessary for the implementation of the scenario of information and psychological impact; to attract additional resources if necessary; formation of a plan for the implementation of information and psychological influence, coordination of place, time, resources, etc.; setting tasks; direct execution of the plan. Proposed methods, methods, approaches and measures that can be used to solve tasks of each stage. This approach to the planning and management of information and psychological operations (information and psychological impact) allows you to automate all stages of each cycle and increase their efficiency by introducing new techniques at each stage. The approach allows to make optimal decisions in the conditions of uncertainty, which corresponds to the essence of information and psychological operations.
Keywords: information superiority, informational and psychological influence, informational and psychological operation, Boyd cycle, OODA, Observation–Orientation–Decision–Action
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