1. Science
  2. Publications
  3. Science and Technology of the Air Force of Ukraine
  4. 1(34)'2019
  5. Modeling of flight crew and air traffic controller collaborative decision making during emergency cases in flight

Modeling of flight crew and air traffic controller collaborative decision making during emergency cases in flight

M. Kasatkin, Yu. Sikirda, T. Shmelova, P. Gryzodub
Annotations languages:


Description: The evolution of the human factor models in aviation from 1972 to the present time is presented. The importance of the or-ganization of collaborative decision-making by all operational partners at the current stage of the development of the aviation sociotechnical system is underlined. The emergency situation that arises on aircraft board when one engine fails and other engine fires on the same side during the take-off is formalized. Three possible scenarios for the events development were investigated on the basis of the flight simulator KTS-32 (aircraft IL-76TD). A network analysis of the development of emergency case in flight was carried out, deterministic decision-making models of air navigation system operators were obtained, and the actions of flight crew and air traffic controller were synchronized during parrying the emergency case in flight. The optimal variant of events development in emergency case in flight according to the criterion of minimizing the time of flight completion has been determined. The proposed models will complement the database of flight scenarios development in the decision support system and can be used in the training process of the air navigation system operators and in the real operating conditions. The use of flight simulators in the process of air traffic controller professional training is relevant. The air traffic controller is advised to use emergency checklist that can help deal with incidents in order to establish optimal actions to achieve better cooperation with pilot during emergency situation.


Keywords: network diagram, optimal interaction, emergency case in flight, synchronization, collaborative decision making, system wide information management, flight and flow information for a collaborative environment, structurally-timely table, incident scenario

References

1. Friedman, M., Carterette, E., Wiener, E. and Nagel, D. (2014), Human Factors in Aviation, 1st еd., Academic Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, 684 p.
2. ICAO (2002), Human Factors Guidelines for Safety Audits Manual, Doc. 9806-AN/763, 1st ed., Montreal, Canada, 138 p.
3. ICAO (2004), Cross-Cultural Factors in Aviation Safety, Human Factors Digest № 16, Сirc. 302-AN/175, Montreal, Canada, 52 р.
4. ICAO (2009), Global Performance of the Air Navigation System, Doc. 9883, 1st ed., Montreal, Canada, 176 p.
5. ICAO (2013), Safety Management Manual (SMM), Doc. 9859-AN 474, 3rd ed., Montreal, Canada, 300 p.
6. ICAO (2014), Manual on Collaborative Decision-Making (CDM), Doc. 9971, 2nd ed., Montreal, Canada, 166 p.
7. ICAO (2012), Manual on Flight and Flow Information for a Collaborative Environment (FF-ICE), Doc. 9965, 1st ed., Montreal, Canada, 140 p.
8. ICAO (2005), Global Air Traffic Management Operational Concept, Doc. 9854, 1st ed., Montreal, Canada, 82 p.
9. The official site of Aviation Safety Network (2018), ASN Wikibase, available at: www.aviation-safety.net/wikibase/ (accessed 10 September 2018).
10. Air Transport (1985), “Nastavlenie po proizvodstvu poletov v grazhdanskoy aviatsii SSSR (s izmeneniyami i dopolneniyami)” [Manual on the production of flights in the civil aviation of the USSR (with changes and additions)], Moscow, 262 p.
11. ICAO (2007), Air Traffic Management, Doc. 4444-RAC/501, 15th еd., Montreal, Canada, 425 p.
12. Golovnin, S.М. (2016), “Podgotovka pilotov i dispetcherov v virtualnoy srede pilotirovaniya i upravleniya vozdushnyim dvizheniem” [Training pilots and controllers in the virtual environment of piloting and air traffic control], available at: www.researchgate.net/publication/303859941_Aviation_Training_Pilots_Air_Traffic_Controller (accessed 8 September 2018).
13. Kharchenko, V.P., Shmelova, T.F. and Sikirda, Yu.V. (2016), “Pryjnyattya rishen v sociotexnichnykh systemakh: monografiya” [Decision-making in sociotechnical systems: monograph], Natsionalnyi Aviatsiinyi Universytet, Kyiv, 308 p.
14. Shmelova, T. and Sikirda, Yu. (2018), Models of Decision-Making Operators of Socio-Technical System: Chapter 2, Socio-Technical Decision Support in Air Navigation Systems: Emerging Research and Opportunities: manuscript, IGI Global, Hershey, USA, pp. 21-48. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-3108-1.ch002.
15. Muñoz-Marrón, D. (2018), Human Factors in Aviation: CRM (Crew Resource Management), Papeles del Psicólogo / Psychologist Papers, Vol. 39(3), pp. 191-199. https://doi.org/10.23923/pap.psicol2018.2870.
16. İnan, T.T. (2018), The Evoluation of Crew Resource Management Concept in Civil Aviation, Journal of Aviation, Vol. 2 (1), pp. 45-55. https://doi.org/10.30518/jav.409931.
17. Malyshevskiy, А.V. (2010), “Sovershenstvovanie upravleniya i planirovaniya v sfere vozdushnogo transporta metodami sotsionicheskoy selektsii aviatsionnogo personala” [Improving the management and planning in the field of air transport by means of socionic selection of aviation personnel], Scientific Bulletin of the Moscow State Technical University of Civil Aviation, No. 1(151), pp. 150-157.
18. Sikirda, Yu. and Shmelova, T. (2018), Socionics and Sociometry Diagnosting of Air Navigation System's Operator: Chapter 4, Socio-Technical Decision Support in Air Navigation Systems: Emerging Research and Opportunities: manuscript, IGI Global, Hershey, USA, pp. 70-90. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-3108-1.ch004.
19. Blutner, R. and Hochnadel, E. (2010), Two Qubits for C.G. Jung's Theory of Personality, Cognitive Systems Research, Vol. 11, pp. 243-259.
20. Cillessen, A.S.N. (2009), Sociometric Methods, Handbook of Peer Interactions, Relationships, and Group, The Guilford Press, London, pp. 82-98.
21. ICAO (2016), Global Air Navigation Plan 2016-2030, Doc. 9750, 5th ed., Montreal, Canada, 142 p.
22. European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation (2004), ATM Training Progression and Concepts, Brussels, Bel-gium, 56 р.
23. Federal Aviation Administration (2008), Aviation Instructor’s Handbook, U.S. Department of Transportation, USA, 228 p.
24. European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation (2003), Guidelines for Controller Training in the Handling of Unusual/Emergency Situations, 2nd еd., Brussels, Belgium, 50 р.
25. Shmelova, T.F., Shyshakov, V.V. and Shostak, O.V. (2015), “Determinovani modeli dij ekipazhu povitryanogo sudna u razi vy`ny`knennya osobly`vogo vy`padku u pol`oti” [Deterministic models of the operations of the aircraft crew in the case of unusual situation in flight], Science and Technology of the Air Force of Ukraine, No. 2(19), pp. 33-37.
26. Shmelova, T.F. and Shyshakov, V.V. (2016), “Sy`stemny`j analiz vnutrishn`osy`stemny`kh i zovnishn`osy`stemny`kh faktoriv diyal`nosti nedeterminovanoyi pidsy`stemy` “ekipazh-povitryane sudno”” [System analysis of internal system and ex-ternal system factors of the non-deterministic subsystem “crew-aircraft”], Bulletin of the Engineering Academy of Ukraine, No. 4, pp. 48-54.
27. EASA (2012), Decision Making for Single-Pilot Helicopter Operations, European Helicopter Safety Team, Koln, Germa-ny, 19 р.
28. The official site of Aviation Safety Network (2010), Final Investigation Report. Accident of Sunway Air Carrier (Geor-gia) IL-76TD Aircraft REG # 4L-GNI at Karachi, Pakistan on 27th November, 2010, available at: www.reports.aviation-safety.net/2010/20101128-0_IL76_4L-GNI.pdf (accessed 12 July 2018).

Reference:
 Kasatkin, M.V., Sikirda, Yu.V., Shmelova, T.F. and Hryzodub, P.V. (2019), “Modeliuvannia konsolidovanoho pryiniattia rishen ekipazhem ta dyspetcherom v osoblyvykh vypadkakh v poloti” [Modeling of flight crew and air traffic controller collaborative decision making during emergency cases in flight], Science and Technology of the Air Force of Ukraine, No. 1(34), pp. 30-38. https://doi.org/10.30748/nitps.2019.34.04.