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The current state and prospects for the development of radar landing systems

O. Kashchishin, К. Vasyuta, О. Kivshar, M. Dolina
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Description: The largest percentage of aviation events involved landing and actual landing of planes. In order to ensure a high level of flight safety at this stage of the flight, more stringent requirements for the accuracy of navigational characteristics have been intro-duced, which leads to more expensive radionavigation and landing equipment at the aerodromes. The disadvantage of radio engi-neering systems is the high cost of their maintenance, it is not always possible to position them optimally at operational aerodromes, which leads to increased noise in the aerodrome and increased emissions of combustion products. Currently, satellite navigation systems are being actively implemented, which made it possible to use optimal landing approaches that are not tied to terrestrial radio equipment, and also became possible without a gradual reduction of the aircraft from the moment of climbing from echelon to landing. Especially this system is relevant in mountainous terrain, where the flight line, landing schemes surround the mountains, and the optimal location of radio equipment is not always possible due to terrain. The work analyzes the current state and prospects of the development of radar landing systems, which are armed with the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the armed forces of foreign countries. Information is given on the features of construction of modern radar landing systems, their characteristics and design decisions, their designation and application. The tactical and technical characteristics of the landing radar systems RSP-6m2, which are currently obsolete and have almost exhausted usage life, are presented. Tactical and technical characteristics of radar landing systems RSP-6MN and RSP-10MA, developed for civil aviation. The tasks assigned to radar landing systems RSP-27 and RSP-28M, which are armed with the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, and their tactical and technical characteristics, are revealed. The prospective directions of development of landing radar, ways of their development and modernization are covered.


Keywords: radio engineering support, radio engineering flight support systems, radar landing system, equipment, aircraft

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Reference:
 Kashchyshyn, O.L., Vasiuta, K.S., Kivshar, O.A. and Dolyna, M.P. (2019), “Suchasnyi stan ta perspektyvy rozvytku radiolokatsiinykh system posadky” [The current state and prospects for the development of radar landing systems], Science and Technology of the Air Force of Ukraine, No. 1(34), pp. 39-45. https://doi.org/10.30748/nitps.2019.34.05.