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  5. New technologies and means of communicationin the Armed Forces of Ukraine: ways of transformation and prospects of development

New technologies and means of communicationin the Armed Forces of Ukraine: ways of transformation and prospects of development

O. Lavrut, T. Lavrut, O. Klimovich, Y. Zdorenko
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Description: The article deals with the current state, prospects of development and introduction of the latest technologies and communi-cations in the communication and automation system of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in order to distinguish the main directions of their application during the construction of a modern system of troop control. The research methodology consists in a gradual and detailed analysis of the state, trends in the development and implementation of modern technologies and digital communications in the Armed Forces of Ukraine to the armed conflict, at the beginning of the ATO, during the antiterrorist operation and in the recent period. Methods of analysis, comparison, description and generalization were used. The analysis showed that with the commencement of hostilities in the East of Ukraine, the Ukrainian Armed Forces communications system did not meet the needs of the Ukrainian Armed Forces, the modern means of communication were virtually absent, and the available ones - significantly yielded to the characteristics of foreign counterparts. The problem was solved by equipping military units with means of commu-nication of foreign, usually civilian, production. Subsequently, in the Armed Forces of Ukraine, there was an increase and im-provement of the communication system by military means, which were built on the modern SDR technology. The main features and features of these tools are analyzed in the work. Over the past few years, the Armed Forces of Ukraine has undertaken a number of measures to re-equip the field (mobile) components of an automated control, communication, intelligence and surveil-lance system that meets NATO standards. Consequently, the communications system, which is now functioning in the Armed Forces, provides stable management of troops and forces. At the same time, work on further development and transformation to full compatibility with NATO does not stop. It is concluded that the development of the communication and automation system of the Armed Forces of Ukraine has a steady tendency for comprehensive development and modernization, re-equipment of the troops with the latest means of communication and the transition to modern digital technologies. Within the framework of the implementation of the provisions of the Strategic Defense Bulletin of Ukraine in the Armed Forces of Ukraine, work is under way to create an effective system of management, communication, intelligence and observation (C4ISR) that would meet NATO standards and ensure its integration with the Unified Defense Resources Management System.


Keywords: digital communication, communication system, modern technologies, the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the C4ISR system

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Reference:
 Lavrut, O.O., Lavrut, T.V., Klymovych, O.K. and Zdorenko, Yu.M. (2019), “Novitni tekhnolohii ta zasoby zviazku u Zbroinykh Sylakh Ukrainy: shliakh transformatsii ta perspektyvy rozvytku” [New technologies and means of communicationin the Armed Forces of Ukraine: ways of transformation and prospects of development], Science and Technology of the Air Force of Ukraine, No. 1(34), pp. 91-101. https://doi.org/10.30748/nitps.2019.34.13.