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  5. The method of detecting resonances in aircraft auxiliary unit operation using three-dimensional spectral analysis

The method of detecting resonances in aircraft auxiliary unit operation using three-dimensional spectral analysis

Yu. Chepurniy, B. Martinets
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Description: The subject of the study is oscillatory process of nodes generating vibrations in aircraft gas turbine installations (GTI). The aim of the paper is to develop a method for detecting resonant frequencies in the nodes in aircraft auxiliary power installation (AAP) using three-dimensional spectral analysis. The object of the paper is to formalize the determination procedure of oscillation natural frequencies of packaged component under the study; to track changes in critical frequencies of GTI rotors pitching at the stage of assy and fix using the three-dimensional vibration spectrum of GTI nodes analyze. As the method is used a new model of three-dimensional spectrum analysis to diagnose aircraft engines using the Atlanta synchronous recorder ( PVF Vibro- Center). As a result we obtained the front box of the drives (FBD) TRDD-30KU 154 house vibration signal data and GT-40 РСН6 generator vibration (oscillation); using a two-dimensional vibration pattern analyzed and determined the frequency characteristics of the GТ-40 РСН6 generator case; using a three-dimensional spectral analysis we determined the critical resonant frequency that could lead to the distraction of individual engine components (parts, assembly, units, etc.) and the auxiliary power as a whole. The scientific novelty of the results obtained is as follows: in the perspective of using a non-contact narrowly directed vibration analyzer to determine the oscillation natural frequencies of the hull elements of the auxiliary power(AP); using the method of three-dimensional spectral analysis of the vibration signal processing we could determine the resonant frequencies of certain components of the engine and auxiliary power installation in the conditions of transient modes of engine operation. The results of experimental work using a non-contact narrow-directional vibration recorder (vibration analyzer) showed that successful measurement procedures (with minimum measurement time to save fuel and analyze the vibration signal) require portable digital devices with a high sampling rate of input analog signals from the vibration recorder , computer software, which will allow to carry out the whole complex of works with digital signals.


Keywords: spectral, diagnostics, methods, resonant, signal, vibration, engine

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Reference:
 Chepurnyi, Yu.V. and Martynets, B.Z. (2019), “Metod vyiavlennia rezonansiv u roboti aviatsiinykh sylovykh ustanovok z vykorystanniam kaskadnoho spektralnoho analizu” [The method of detecting resonances in aircraft auxiliary unit operation using three-dimensional spectral analysis], Systems of Arms and Military Equipment, No. 1(57), pp. 42-47. https://doi.org/10.30748/soivt.2019.57.06.