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  5. The perspective of use unmanned aerial vehicles by units of the national guard of Ukraine during the public order protection

The perspective of use unmanned aerial vehicles by units of the national guard of Ukraine during the public order protection

O. Holovan, D. Trobiuk
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Description: Necessity of use unmanned aerial vehicles by units of the National Guard of Ukraine is justified during the public order pro-tection (the supplying of protection the life, health, rights, freedom and legitimate interests of citizens) and supplying of public safety during the meetings, processions, demonstrations and other mass events creating danger for life and citizens' health. The analysis of use unmanned aerial vehicles by foreign states during protection of public order and performance of police functions during meet-ings, demonstrations, picketing (by the members of the association of gendarmerie-like forces and police of European states of the Mediterranean sea, called FIEP: France, Italy, Spain, Portugal) was held. On the basis of held analysis mainstreams of development and uses of unmanned aerial vehicles by the units of the National Guard of Ukraine on protection of public order are determined. It will provide accuracy of monitoring and completeness of received information for timely acceptance of correct (rational) decisions, to manoeuvre by forces and means for normalisation of operational situation in the crisis area (the area of performance of tasks). The general characteristic, assignment, function, as well as order of use unmanned aerial vehicles is presented. Classification of unmanned aerial vehicles on categories is conducted: remotely manned air systems are systems containing: aircraft which is con-trolled by the pilot from remote pilot station; unmanned independent systems unmanned aerial systems functioning independently and are controlled with the aid of computer without interference of the pilot after takeoff. Offered proposals regarding standard requirements to use unmanned aerial vehicles.


Keywords: the National Guard of Ukraine, unmanned aerial vehicles, monitoring, normalisation of the operational situation, the public order protection, supplying of the public safety.

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Reference:
 Holovan, O.M. and Trobiuk, D.V. (2019), “Perspektyva vykorystannia bezpilotnykh litalnykh aparativ pidrozdilamy Natsionalnoi hvardii Ukrainy pid chas okhorony hromadskoho poriadku” [The perspective of use unmanned aerial vehicles by units of the National guard of Ukraine during the public order protection], Scientific Works of Kharkiv National Air Force University, Vol. 2(60), pp. 43-47. https://doi.org/10.30748/zhups.2019.60.06.