Description: The NATO Defense Planning Process (NDPP) based on defense capabilities which correspond to the level of current and future security challenges and the ambitious goals of the North Atlantic Alliance has been reviewed by the authors of the article. In addition, the relevant procedures and mechanisms, as well as entities that are involved at various stages in NATO structures, have been analyzed and described in detail. Particular attention was given to the fourth stage of defense planning “Promoting implementation”, which covers the entire four-year defense planning cycle. Its effective implementation contributes to the achievement of defense objectives at the national level, and at the level of NATO as a whole, provides support for consistent mul-tinational implementation of defense capabilities, expands advanced experience in the use of modern defense planning technolo-gies among NATO and partner countries, promotes innovative projects and multinational initiatives that have the prospect of total funding and subsequent use. The focus of the article is on ensuring the continuity of the NDPP process and its adaptation to new security challenges and threats today. In addition, the relevant priorities, requirements and technologies were clarified. The mechanism for achiev-ing orderly defense capabilities, coordinated in all major types of development of defense capabilities (doctrine, organization, training, material support, leadership, personnel management, production potential of the defense-industrial complex, functional compatibility of forces and means), was also considered in the article. Examples of minimum capability requirements at the level of various military units were given and gaps in capabilities were analyzed in the article. Such gaps, in particular, include the following: limited review by battalion level, lack of considera-tion of opportunities at the company, platoon, squad and individual soldiers. In addition, the place and role of industry in deter-mining the long-term aspects of capabilities based on the forecast of technology development in cooperation with the NATO Sci-ence and Technology Organization (STO) is invited to review.
Keywords: standardization, interoperability, defense potential, defense planning technologies, the NATO defense planning process, needs in forces and means, defense capabilities, minimum capability requirements.
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