Description: An analysis of domestic and foreign literature shows that with the advent and development of high-precision weapons, it became necessary to more accurately take into account the enlightenment layers that arise on the line of sight through the sto-chastic distribution of aerosol mass in the plume. The duration of the existence of layers of enlightenment affects the success of the detection, aiming, launching and tracking of ammunition to the target. Therefore, the installation of aerosol curtains with a given distribution of enlightenment layers can significantly increase the possibility of aerosol countermeasures. The relevance of this article is determined by the lack of theoretical and experimental data necessary to solve these problems. This article dis-cusses the problem of using aerosol countermeasures, planning their type, quantity and distribution method on the ground. Cur-rently, this problem occupies most of the theoretical and practical research. The need for the article is based on the fact that the capabilities of reconnaissance and weapon control equipment have grown significantly, and aerosol curtains have been consid-ered only within their inconspicuous part, which is determined by the size of the camouflage mass. At the same time, the influence of lower integrated aerosol concentrations on the quality of transmission and reception of images of objects by means of recon-naissance is taken into account, the possibilities of reducing the costs of aerosol countermeasures with the necessary approach to the vision of objects in the application of aerosols are studied, and recommendations are developed regarding the methods of setting aerosol curtains. The following tasks have been solved: the value of the threshold of contrast sensitivity of the eye for aerosol counteraction conditions is justified; the dynamics of object visibility through fluctuating aerosol curtains is investigated; methods for calculating the range of visibility of objects through aerosol curtains are shown taking into account the required quality of vision.
Keywords: aerosol countermeasures, reconnaissance equipment, aerosol curtains, camouflage mass, integrated concentra-tion, quality of visibility.