Description: Documents of the strategic planning of the development of the border authority (Development Strategy of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine, Strategy for the development of the system of protection and engineering of the state border of Ukraine for the period up to 2030, Concept of development of the security and defense sector of Ukraine, Concept of integrated border management, Concept State target law enforcement program “Configuration and Reconstruction of the State Codon” for the period up to 2020) - provide for the gradual reform of the State Border Guard (STSU) in order to increase the efficiency of its activities and to ensure the adequacy of its capabilities to modern threats to border security. The results of the analysis of scien-tific theory, as well as domestic and world practice of ensuring the border security of the states, suggest that the solution to the problem of building an effective system of border security, above all, should be based on an analysis of the state of the security environment, the identification of the basic trends of the real and potential threats and forecasting their development. Of course, this is a topical issue, since there is a mismatch over a long time, on the one hand, between the need for timely detection of threats to Ukraine's border security and the effective response to them, and, on the other, the presence of a significant number of heterogeneous alternative approaches to the implementation of tasks, regulatory circles lack of resources and other types of security, etc. The article summarizes the statistical information on offenses at the state border of Ukraine, presents the main trends of real and potential threats and predicts their development in the near future, the relationship of the border security envi-ronment of Ukraine with the regional and global border security environment. In this context, considerable attention is devoted to the use of the potential of international security organizations.
Keywords: analysis of illegal activity, monitoring, state border, means of protection.