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  5. Methodology for assessment of effectiveness of military transportation by a motor convoy

Methodology for assessment of effectiveness of military transportation by a motor convoy

O. Borovyk, V. Kupelskiy
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Description: A rapid reaction border command post is a structural unit of a border guard detachment, which is intended to protect and enhance the protection of a specific sector of the State Border and must promptly redeploy its own forces and facilities. The suc- cess of the tasks set for the unit largely depends on the timely arrival at the point of destination. Operational transportation of a significant amount of weapons, personnel and diverse cargoes in the land area is carried out by using of means of transport. At the preparatory stage of the organization of transportation, the problem of forming an optimal composition of the motor convoy is solved. In parallel with its solution, it is necessary to solve the task of selecting the routes of movement for the motor convoy. The effectiveness of military transportations by motor transport on land depends to a large extent on the solution of tasks con- cerning the qualitative formation of convoy composition and the selection of its route of movement. At the same time, solving these problems may involve the use of methodology for assessing the efficiency of transportation as an instrument. The article presents a methodology for solving the task of evaluating the effectiveness of military transportations by a motor convoy while executing tasks of operational and service activities by a rapid response border command of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine. The list of significant indicators for estimating the efficiency of transportation of reserves is formed; their structuring is carried out in the research. The calculation model of the methodology takes into account the distance and time of transportation, the mass and volume of cargoes, the number of personnel and equipment, the reliability, tactical and technical characteristics of equipment, transportation costs. The proposed methodology, taking into account the initial conditions and requirements for transportation, enables to evaluate the efficiency of transportation according to the tactical, technical, economic and complex indicators of efficiency and to predict the appropriate routes of movement for a convoy. The need to use these indicators is sub- stantiated by the fact that when evaluating the effectiveness of military transportation, the possibility of performing the task of arriving at the destination point by a convoy, the technical condition of transportation means at the time of arrival at the destina- tion, and the possibility of their further use, as well as cost parameters for the transportations should be taken into account.


Keywords: convoy, motor transport, parameters, indicators, methodology, transportation efficiency.

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Reference:
 Borovyk, O.V. and Kupelskyi, V.V. (2019), “Metodyka otsinky efektyvnosti viiskovykh perevezen kolonoiu tekhniky” [Methodology for assessment of effectiveness of military transportation by a motor convoy], Systems of Arms and Military Equipment, No. 3(59), pp. 25-35. https://doi.org/10.30748/soivt.2019.59.03.