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  5. Experience of involvement of vehicles and equipment for the needs of foreign countries armed forces in the special period

Experience of involvement of vehicles and equipment for the needs of foreign countries armed forces in the special period

V. Cherep, V. Didichenko
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Description: The article discusses and analyzes ways of engaging of the vehicles and equipment in the armed forces of some foreign countries in a special period. The results of the supply of the vehicles and equipment of the national economy to the Armed Forces of Ukraine (Armed Forces of Ukraine) and other military units during the partial mobilization testify to the imperfection of the system of completing the abovementioned facilities and equipment in the present conditions. The main reason for this situation is that at this time such manning is carried out in one way - the removal from the national economy of the established limits for the removal (dispossession) of vehicles and equipment in the regions in accordance with the percentage rates of re-moval by sectors of the national economy for the period of mobilization and the military time. At the same time, in most countries of the world, a much wider arsenal of means of engaging vehicles for the needs of the armed forces (AF) is used in the special period. This necessitates the study of foreign experience in attracting vehicles of the civil sector for the needs of the Armed Forces and the search for alternative ways of completing the Armed Forces of Ukraine with vehicles and equipment of the na-tional economy in current conditions. The analysis of the ways of attracting vehicles and equipment for the needs of the Armed Forces of some foreign countries during a special period showed that the main ways of meeting the needs of the national Armed Forces by vehicles are: requisitioning (voluntary or compulsory) of the vehicles and equipment for the needs of the defense dur-ing the declaration of mobilization status or the state of war and the contractual engagement of the civilian sector in the trans-portation of the defense sector. Usually these methods are used in combination. But some states (including the USA) have only one way of meeting the needs of the Armed Forces with vehicles and equipment - contracting for services. According to the re-sults of the analysis of foreign experience, it is concluded that the most appropriate for Ukraine is to combine different ways of completing the Armed Forces of Ukraine by vehicles and equipment of the national economy.


Keywords: removal, special period, principle of attraction, requisition, completing method, equipment, vehicles, civil sec-tor of economy.

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Reference:
 Cherep, V.L. and Didichenko, V.P. (2019), “Dosvid zaluchennia transportnykh zasobiv i tekhniky dlia potreb zbroinykh syl inozemnykh derzhav u osoblyvyi period” [Experience of involvement of vehicles and equipment for the needs of foreign countries armed forces in the special period], Science and Technology of the Air Force of Ukraine, No. 4(37), pp. 132-137. https://doi.org/10.30748/nitps.2019.37.18.