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  5. Dynamic objects movement simulation in the system of supporting decision of unmanned aerial vehicles routes planning

Dynamic objects movement simulation in the system of supporting decision of unmanned aerial vehicles routes planning

A. Bеrеzhnyi, V. Kalachova, M. Rozchkov
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Description: The modern development of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) allows to approve that UAVs can be used to perform extremely complex monitoring tasks, both dynamic and stationary objects, which can allow: changing the purpose of the UAV mission in flight, making optimal decisions about the choice of flight routes UAVs, adaptation of the flight task to various factors of UAV states and the environment, the implementation of these measures with high operativeness and accuracy. That is, it is about transferring some of the human operator's intellectual functions to Intelligent Information Technology (IT). When planning for aerial reconnaissance with UAVs, there is uncertainty about the choice by the dynamic objects of their routes. In addition, the unknown are the time and the final goal of the route. The strategy of “combing” the terrain in this case is not rational, a special reconnaissance UAV flight program is required. Planning routes for unmanned aerial vehicles to search for dynamic objects belongs to the class of intelligent tasks. The solving of this kind tasks is associated with the reduction of uncertainty in the actions of the opposite party, which requires the use of an intelligent decision support system. The composition of the models of the specified system, as a mandatory component, must include a model of motion of dynamic objects, which will allow to predict their location and reduce uncertainty in actions. The planning of UAV flight routes is based, respectively, on this forecast, namely, the forecast time of entry of a dynamic object into an open area of the terrain and is accompanied, respectively, by the building of a UAV movement model. All of this makes it possible to detect a search object. Further development of models consists in developing of automated methods of UAV route planning, automatic change of route parameters in flight processes (execution of a flight task), which are based on knowledge-oriented technologies.


Keywords: unmanned aerial vehicle, recognition and classification, air-to-reconnaissance, route planning, dynamic object, terrorist group, object of influence, open area, masking area

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Reference:
 Berezhnyi, A.O., Kalachova, V.V. and Rozhkov, M.I. (2019), “Modeliuvannia rukhu dynamichnykh obiektiv v systemi pidtrymky pryiniattia rishen planuvannia marshrutiv bezpilotnykh litalnykh aparativ” [Dynamic objects movement simulation in the system of supporting decision of unmanned aerial vehicles routes planning], Information Processing Systems, Vol. 4(159), pp. 44-49. https://doi.org/10.30748/soi.2019.159.05.