Description: At making a decision in situations with the analysis of semistructured of information a commander (expert) has a necessity of the use of model of problem area, by which he tries to explain processes which take a place in reality. Thus objective conformities to the law of the real environment appear subjective estimations. As a result appearance of situation removes not only laws and conformities to the law of situation but also world view of subject, his system of persuasions, values, level of education, experience et cetera cognitive approaches in the systems of support of making a decision are oriented to that, to activate the intellectual processes of subject and help him to fix the vision of problem situation as a formal model. The so-called cognitive card of presentations of commander which presents known a subject basic estimations of situation as the oriented sign count is usually utillized. Research of cognitive cards of commander with the estimation of possible situations, designs of scenarios of development is important direction of development of the systems of support of making a decision in military business.
Keywords: cognitive card, cognitive approaches, designs, system of support of making a decision, intelligence systems