The article provides a analysis of the main sources of surface water pollution affecting their ecological condition and existing methods the measure the water quality of waters. Proposed the method of determining the level of pollution of surface water by using taxonomic index. Proposed method realized to determine the level of pollution of the Kharkov region, by using data about substance of pollutants in water. Done ranking of water object and qualitative interpretation of obtained levels of pollution of surface water in the Kharkov region.
surface water, water of quality, integral evaluation, method of taxonomy, pollutants