The analysis of the basic principles of operation of a computer network is presented. The mathematical model of the computer network as an object of control is developed on the basis of the analysis. It is shown that the optimal management of a computer network is a non-linear and stochastic problem. Proposed model is able to take into account the allocation of network resources for purpose of control that allows to evaluate the effectiveness of different management strategies for computer networks.
computer network, computer network control, mathematical model